Are You at Risk for Gum Disease?

Comprehensive Dental ExamWith more than half of American adults affected by gum disease, it’s important to know if you’re in one of the at-risk groups. Some factors are beyond our control, but others can be controlled, and simple things such as better nutrition and behavioral changes can go a long way toward improving oral health and preventing gum disease.

Gum Disease Risk Factors

  • Age – People over 65 years have the highest rates of periodontal disease, with over 70% afflicted. Seniors with gum disease also have higher rates of other chronic illnesses.
  • Smoking and Tobacco Use is perhaps the most significant risk factor for periodontal disease (as well as other serious health problems). If you smoke, the best thing you can do for your health is quit!
  • Stress – High levels of stress can decrease the effectiveness of the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off infections.
  • Clenching or Grinding of teeth (also known as bruxism) creates an excessive force that can damage and degrade surrounding tissue and cause irritation.
  • Medications such as anti-depressants, oral contraceptives, and others can have adverse effects on periodontal health. Be sure to read all the labels on your medication for possible side-effects and talk with your doctor or dentist if you notice any changes.

How to Avoid Gum Disease

Gum disease has been linked to an increased risk for heart disease as well as other conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, respiratory infections, and low-birth-weight and premature births. The best way to prevent these adverse effects is to:

  • Floss regularly and brush properly
  • Avoid sugary snacks
  • Increase fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet
  • Carry sugarless gum for when you can’t brush
  • Visit your dentist every six months for a professional cleaning and check-up!

About Dr. Jayson A. Chalmers

Jayson Chalmers was raised in Placerville, CA and graduated from El Dorado High School. He received his undergraduate degree in Anthropology from U.C. Berkeley. He went on to receive his dental degree from the University of California, San Francisco. After practicing as an associate dentist in Napa, CA, Dr. Chalmers returned to Sacramento to be closer to friends and family. He began practicing in his current location in January 2005.   Knowing that patients want to have the best options and treatment available to them, Dr. Chalmers has completed many hours of advanced educational training in general, implant, orthodontic, and cosmetic dentistry. He continues to learn and incorporate many of the latest dental technologies in his practice. Through the use of intraoral cameras, digital x-rays and computer imaging he can immediately show and explain all treatment options to the patient.   Dr. Chalmers is a member of many professional organizations, including the American Dental Association, the California Dental Association, the Sacramento District Dental Society, the Dental Organization for Conscious Sedation and is involved in local dental study groups. Dr. Chalmers also is an active participant in Smiles for Kids, where free dental services are provided to local children in need.   Dr. Chalmers and his wife, Desirae, are the parents of Ella and Ava. They are an outgoing family and are very involved in the Arden-Arcade community. As a family, they enjoy tending to their chickens and organic garden, splashing around in the pool and traveling to beachside locations. Dr. Chalmers personal interests include camping and fishing and watching and playing most sports.


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